A Web-based program refers to a system or application deployed by a population health management organization to implement a population health management program through the Web. One advantage of such a program is that it can be accessed 24/7 by members and clients.
A Web-based program provides members with anytime access to educational and other health management-related materials. By accessing these resources, members can learn more about healthy lifestyle and/or their disease and gain the necessary tools and information to manage their health effectively. A Web-based program for members can include, but is not limited to the following:
- Patient data,
- Task lists,
- Educational materials,
- Health records,
- Member goals and care plans,
- Personalized messages,
- Clinical outcomes, and
- Communication between member, nurse, and physician.
A customized program allows members to learn and take actions at their own pace, while documenting their outcomes for their caregivers. The program may also be customized for each company’s needs.
A Web-based program also provides benefits to the purchaser of the program, typically a health plan or employer group. These benefits can include, but are not limited, to the following:
- Clinical and financial outcomes,
- Participation rates,
- Survey results, and
Some benefits for implementing a Web-based program include the ability of members to self-monitor, access to their data and educational materials 24/7, and the self-paced and self-timed nature of the program.
Wellness programs are designed to:
- Help individuals maintain and improve their level of health and well-being by identifying health risks and educating them about ways to mitigate these risks;
- Increase awareness of factors that can affect health and longevity;
- Enable individuals to take greater responsibility for their health behaviors;
- Prevent or delay the onset of disease; and
- Promote healthful lifestyles and general well-being.
Effective wellness programs employ a variety of behavior change techniques and lifestyle management strategies.
The following are examples of wellness program components (note that this list is not exhaustive):
- Health risk appraisal
- Biometric screening (e.g., blood pressure, cholesterol)
- Smoking cessation
- Weight loss
- Diet and nutrition
- Stress reduction
- Exercise and fitness programs
- Ergonomic programs
- Safety (both at the workplace and home)
- Sleep hygiene
- Health advocacy
- Disease screening
Wellness programs target the total population and participation is not primarily driven by disease state. This approach differs from a total population chronic care management approach, which could offer programs across the full health spectrum, including both wellness and disease-specific components.